What is meant by “Dry” Type skin?
First and foremost, don’t get Dry Skin confused with Dehydrated Skin. At first glance, ‘dry’ and ‘dehydrated’ seem like two words to describe the same thing. But when it comes to skin care, they are completely different concerns with different underlying causes.
Dry Skin is a “skin type” whilst Dehydrated Skin is a “skin condition” anyone can experience and the treatment for each is quite different.
Dry Skin lacks oil because it produces less sebum than normal skin, and the lack of sebum means the skin is without the lipids it needs to retain moisture and to build a strong barrier to protect against external aggressors.
With Dehydrated Skin, there’s a lack of water in the stratum corneum, which is the top layer of the skin. Dehydration is caused by many external factors, but the most common are weather, environment, diet, and caffeine consumption, all of which can result in diminished water content within the skin.
You don’t need to have dry skin to have dehydrated skin. Oily and combination skin can be dehydrated as well.
How can I tell if I have Dry Skin?
Dry skin tends to be uncomfortable, flaky, and itchy. The worst areas are typically near the eyebrows and around the corners of the nose and mouth. On the body, common trouble areas include the neck, the inside of the arms, and the thighs. “When things are at their worst, rubbing the skin might sound like grinding fine sandpaper. And it isn’t snowing in your bathroom, but rather dried flakes of skin are falling.”
Dry Skin Characteristics
- Feels tight
- Feels rough
- Appears dry
- Can be flaky
BASIC Skin Type Test
- Wash your face with a gentle cleanser and water. Use your hands to clean your face and avoid scrubbing too hard.
- Dry your face with a soft towel and leave your skin alone for one hour without applying any products or touching it.
- If after that one (1) hour;-
(i) your face feels rough and/or perhaps tight, you have dry skin
(ii) after blotting your skin with tissue paper, there’s oil on your T-zone (forehead, nose and chin), but not your cheeks, you have combination skin
(iii) you do the same tissue-paper test on your cheeks, and there’s an oily shine on your T-zone and cheeks, you have oily skin
(iv) however, if your skin looks blotchy and red and feels tingly, you have sensitive skin
If you are still uncertain as to your Skin Type, Book a Free Skin Consultation with our Skin Specialist.
Treat Your Skin Type
Not sure of your skin type or which treatment would be best?
Book a free consultation with our skin specialist to discuss your beauty plan.
Treating Dry Skin Type
Dry Skin types can be treated with both;-
- DAILY SKIN CARE regime using professional skin care products tailored to your exact condition, as well as
- SKIN TREATMENTS that target this specific skin type.
There are many reasons why skin becomes dry, but fundamentally it happens when skin’s surface becomes disrupted and steadily destroyed. Genetics (that which you inherited from your parents), environmental damage, sun damage from accumulated unprotected sun exposure, climate influences, your health, or a combination of these things can be primary or secondary causes. The type of skin care products you use can also be a factor if they contain harsh or drying ingredients that disturb the skin’s surface.
Suitable Daily Skin Care Regime for Dry Skin Types should include;-
- Sunscreen with an SPF 30 or greater – all day – everyday. When skin is compromised from repeated, unprotected sun exposure, it loses its ability to hold moisture or feel smooth, and wrinkles and skin tone changes develop.
- Moisturisers that are high in antioxidants, skin-replenishing ingredients, and skin-restoring ingredients. These are crucial elements that allow the skin to reconstitute itself and retain water.
- Exfoliator (gentle) aids the skin in shedding built-up surface layers of dead skin as it would if it was hydrated and healthy. Look for a well-formulated alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) or beta hydroxy acid (BHA) exfoliant.
- Serums that contain skin-nourishing plant oils (no fragrant oils) or hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid is unique as it is a natural substance in skin that can hold 1000 times its weight in water.
- Lip Balms – the lips are the least capable of staying smooth and soft and first to show dryness. During the day apply and reapply an emollient lipstick, gloss, or balm that also contains a broad spectrum sunscreen.
Be aware of your exposure to dry environments, cold weather, or low-humidity air from heaters or air conditioners as they impair and degrade the skin’s protective surface.