Combination | Dry | Normal | Oily | Sensitive
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Combination | Dry | Normal | Oily | Sensitive
It is important not to confuse Skin Type with Skin Disorder or Skin Concern, such as acne vulgaris, rosacea, pigmentation, vascular, sun damage or fine lines and wrinkles. Different skin types are genetically determined but choosing the best skin treatments and skin care for your face and body is essential to care for your skin’s health, to slow the ageing process and to look your best!
The health and beauty of your skin in later life, largely depends on what you eat and how you take care of yourself today.
Whilst everyone’s skin is a little bit different, your skin type can be generalised into one of five skin types, depending on how much oil (“sebum”) your skin produces.
The five skin types are:-
Oily or Congested
Sensitive or Reactive
When it comes to identifying your skin type, we recommend you forget everything you’ve read or heard before! Much of the information given out by cosmetics salespeople, fashion magazines and even some dermatologists can be incorrect. Why? Because the information they rely on rarely takes into consideration the skin care products you’re currently using, which can have a major impact on your skin type. Read on and change that now.
While the typical categories of oily, dry, combination, and sensitive skin are good basics, they don’t address the wide variety of other problems or nuances that impact your skin type. We list those nuances on this website as “skin concerns” and they include acne, sun damage from years of unprotected sun exposure, redness and sensitivity including rosacea, temperamental skin, clogged pores, or a combination of these “skin concerns”.
The 5 basic skin type categories don’t take the degree of each skin type into consideration. For example “Dry Skin” could be dry to very dry, or “Oily Congested Skin” could be oily to very oily. Your skin type is rarely as simple as what the basic categories represent.
Whilst knowing your skin type can appear confusing, it is exceptionally important as it identifies everything about the texture and types of cosmeceutical and cosmetic products you should be using.
The more you know about your skin type, the more you’ll be able to help your skin look and feel as healthy and normal as possible.
Not sure of your Skin Type ?
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Are your skin care products causing your skin concerns?
Whilst genetics (those that you inherited from your parents), environmental damage, sun damage from accumulated unprotected sun exposure, climate influences, your health, or a combination of these things can be primary or secondary causes of skin concerns, the skin care products you are currently using can also be hiding your real skin type. When skin care products contain harsh, abrasive, or skin-aggravating ingredients, they can often trigger problems and disguise your true natural skin type.
For example, if you have dry skin using the wrong products can make your dry, flaky skin worse. Harsh cleansers including most bar soaps, or products containing alcohol denat., peppermint, menthol, mint, citrus, eucalyptus, and all fragrance, whether natural or synthetic, are most likely drying your skin out and even damaging it.
If you have acne and you aren’t using products containing the critical ingredients of salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, you’re unlikely to ever get the bumps and clogged pores under control, or in most cases what you are applying to your skin is simply making matters worse.
Harsh ingredients and emollients have similar effects on Oily Skin types, exasperating the oil issues.
You see, it’s incredibly easy to alter your natural skin type with the wrong products and you may be spending good money and wasting time trying to solve a skin concern that your current skin care products are actually causing !
How to Identify Your Real Skin Type
Once you’ve stopped using problematic ingredients and products on your skin, your real skin type will begin to reveal itself in a very short period.
Before you get out your mirror and have a closer look, it’s best to wash your face with a gentle cleanser, apply a state-of-the-art toner (loaded with antioxidants and skin-replenishing ingredients) and then wait about 15 to 30 minutes and see how your skin behaves.
If you’re skin quickly starts showing oil diffused over the face, you have oily skin.
If your skin starts experiencing some dryness and feels tight, you have dry skin.
If your T-zone (the area around your nose, chin, and central forehead) starts looking oily but your cheeks and jaw area start feeling slightly to moderately dry, you have combination skin. This is the most common skin type because everyone has more oil glands in their centre of their face than on their cheeks.
And SENSITIVE skin? Apply harsh product contents to any skin and you will most likely get a reaction that might make you think you naturally have sensitive skin. In reality, everyone has sensitive skin, admittedly some more than others particularly those suffering rosacea, but getting your skin care products right will go a long way to desensitising your skin.
There are plenty of factors that can make sensitive, reactive, red and rosacea prone skin worse! Sun exposure, wind, and heat (especially from saunas and spas), emotional stress, spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine are all well-known triggers. Less well-known triggers include the havoc that results from some skin care ingredients and products.
For sensitive skin types it’s incredibly important to start calming, hydrating, and nourishing your skin, and it’s important you start NOW! Doing nothing or just the bare minimum means the redness and sensitivity are likely to worsen. Again, we recommend avoiding scrubs, harsh cleansing brushes, and aggravating ingredients, including alcohol (SD or denatured), menthol, mint, citrus, and lavender. It is vitally important to keep sensitive skins skin drenched in skin type-appropriate hydration and skin-defending, soothing antioxidants.
So, what about those lucky enough to have the all elusive 5th skin type, “NORMAL SKIN”? Truly normal skin (meaning perfect skin) is the exception rather than the rule, and what most people are experiencing is “normal skin plus”; that is, normal skin mixed with other issues that are unrelated to skin type, such as wrinkles, sun damage, and brown spots. Essentially, your skin may feel normal, but it isn’t perfect, and over time it is changing. Intrinsic ageing marches onward as we naturally mature and identifying your skin type now is just as important as for any of the other skin types, and choosing the best skin care products and skin care treatments NOW will contribute immensely in Preventative Ageing.