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Skin Types

Combination | Dry | Normal | Oil | Sensitive

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Skin Types

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Choosing correctly for skin treatments, skin care regimen & purchasing skin care products means knowing your skin type

It is important not to confuse Skin Type with Skin Disorder or Skin Concern, such as acne vulgaris, rosacea, pigmentation, vascular, sun damage or fine lines and wrinkles. Different skin types are genetically determined but choosing the best skin treatments and skin care for your face and body is essential to care for your skin’s health, to slow the aging process and to look your best!

The health and beauty of your skin in later life, largely depends on what you eat and how you take care of yourself today.

Whilst everyone’s skin is a little bit different, your skin type can be generalised into one of five skin types, depending on how much oil (“sebum”) your skin produces.

The five types are:-

When it comes to identifying your skin type, we recommend you forget everything you’ve read or heard before! Much of the information given out by cosmetics salespeople, fashion magazines and even some dermatologists can be incorrect. Why? Because the information they rely on rarely takes into consideration the skin care products you’re currently using, which can have a major impact on your skin type. Read on and change that now.

While the typical categories of oily, dry, combination, and sensitive skin are good basics, they don’t address the wide variety of other problems or nuances that impact your skin. We list those nuances on this website as “skin concerns” and they include acne, sun damage from years of unprotected sun exposure, redness and sensitivity including rosacea, temperamental skin, clogged pores, or a combination of these “skin concerns”.

The 5 basic categories don’t take the degree of each skin type into consideration. For example “Dry Skin” could be dry to very dry, or “Oily Congested Skin” could be oily to very oily. Your skin type is rarely as simple as what the basic categories represent.

Whilst knowing your type can appear confusing, it is exceptionally important as it identifies everything about the texture and types of cosmeceutical and cosmetic products you should be using. 

The more you know about your skin type, the more you’ll be able to help your skin look and feel as healthy and normal as possible.

Not sure of your Skin Type ?

Book a Skin Consultation

Call  0412 682 743 

How to Identify Your Real Skin Type

Once you’ve stopped using problematic ingredients and products on your skin, your real skin type will begin to reveal itself in a very short period.

Before you get out your mirror and have a closer look, it’s best to wash your face with a gentle cleanser, apply a state-of-the-art toner (loaded with antioxidants and skin-replenishing ingredients) and then wait about 15 to 30 minutes and see how your skin behaves.

If you’re skin quickly starts showing oil diffused over the face, you have oily skin.

If your skin starts experiencing some dryness and feels tight, you have dry skin.

If your T-zone (the area around your nose, chin, and central forehead) starts looking oily but your cheeks and jaw area start feeling slightly to moderately dry, you have combination skin. This is the most common skin type because everyone has more oil glands in their centre of their face than on their cheeks.

And SENSITIVE skin? Apply harsh product contents to any skin and you will most likely get a reaction that might make you think you naturally have sensitive skin. In reality, everyone has sensitive skin, admittedly some more than others particularly those suffering rosacea, but getting your skin care products right will go a long way to desensitising your skin.

There are plenty of factors that can make sensitive, reactive, red and rosacea prone skin worse! Sun exposure, wind, and heat (especially from saunas and spas), emotional stress, spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine are all well-known triggers. Less well-known triggers include the havoc that results from some skin care ingredients and products.

For sensitive skin it’s incredibly important to start calming, hydrating, and nourishing your skin, and it’s important you start NOW! Doing nothing or just the bare minimum means the redness and sensitivity are likely to worsen. Again, we recommend avoiding scrubs, harsh cleansing brushes, and aggravating ingredients, including alcohol (SD­ or denatured), menthol, mint, citrus, and lavender. It is vitally important to keep sensitive skins skin drenched in skin type-appropriate hydration and skin-defending, soothing antioxidants.

So, what about those lucky enough to have the all elusive 5th skin type, “NORMAL SKIN”? Truly normal skin (meaning perfect skin) is the exception rather than the rule, and what most people are experiencing is “normal skin plus”; that is, normal skin mixed with other issues that are unrelated to skin type, such as wrinkles, sun damage, and brown spots. Essentially, your skin may feel normal, but it isn’t perfect, and over time it is changing. Intrinsic ageing marches onward as we naturally mature and identifying your skin type now is just as important as for any of the other skin types, and choosing the best skin care products and skin care treatments NOW will contribute immensely in Preventative Ageing.

BASIC Skin Type Test

  1. Wash your face with a gentle cleanser and water. Use your hands to clean your face and avoid scrubbing too hard.
  2.  Dry your face with a soft towel and leave your skin alone for one hour without applying any products or touching it.
  •  If after that one (1) hour;-

(i) your face feels rough and/or perhaps tight, you have dry skin
(ii) after blotting your skin with tissue paper, there’s oil on your T-zone (forehead, nose and chin), but not your cheeks, you have combination skin
(iii) you do the same tissue-paper test on your cheeks, and there’s an oily shine on your T-zone and cheeks, you have oily skin
(iv) however, if your skin looks blotchy and red and feels tingly, you have sensitive skin

If you are still uncertain as to your Skin Type, Book a Complimentary Skin Consultation with our Skin Specialist.

Combination Skin

Combination Type

Typically, the combination type is characterised by dry, flaking skin on the cheeks, while excessive oil and shine appears on other areas of the face.

Your skin can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin).

Dry Skin

Dry Type

Dry Skin lacks oil because it produces less sebum than normal skin, and the lack of sebum means the skin is without the lipids it needs to retain moisture and to build a strong barrier to protect against external aggressors. Dry Skin is a “skin type” whilst Dehydrated Skin is a “skin condition” anyone can experience and the treatment for each is quite different.

Your skin can be dry or normal in some areas and oily in others, such as the T-zone (nose, forehead, and chin).


Truly normal skin (meaning perfect skin) is the exception rather than the rule, what most people are experiencing is “normal skin plus”; that is, normal skin mixed with other issues that are unrelated to skin type, such as wrinkles, sun damage, and brown spots. Essentially, your skin may feel normal, but it isn’t perfect, and over time it is changing.

Oily Skin

Oily Congested

Your skin type is determined by how much oil the skin on your face produces. We all need a certain amount of oil on our skin to keep it moisturised and supple, however oily skin occurs when the sebaceous glands in the skin make too much sebum. Sebum is the waxy, oily substance that protects and hydrates the skin.

Sensitive Skin


Sensitive skin can refer to anything from occasional redness to skin issues such as eczema or rosacea. At its most basic level, sensitive skin is a general, non-medical term for skin that easily breaks out into rashes or experiences blotchy, itchy or stinging reactions from the weather or skin care products.

Are your skin care products causing your skin concerns?

Whilst genetics (those that you inherited from your parents), environmental damage, sun damage from accumulated unprotected sun exposure, climate influences, your health, or a combination of these things can be primary or secondary causes of skin concerns, the skin care products you are currently using can also be hiding your real skin type. When skin care products contain harsh, abrasive, or skin-aggravating ingredients, they can often trigger problems and disguise your true natural skin type.

For example, if you have dry skin using the wrong products can make your dry, flaky skin worse. Harsh cleansers including most bar soaps, or products containing alcohol denat., peppermint, menthol, mint, citrus, eucalyptus, and all fragrance, whether natural or synthetic, are most likely drying your skin out and even damaging it.

If you have acne and you aren’t using products containing the critical ingredients of salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, you’re unlikely to ever get the bumps and clogged pores under control, or in most cases what you are applying to your skin is simply making matters worse.

Harsh ingredients and emollients have similar effects on Oily Skin types, exasperating the oil issues.

You see, it’s incredibly easy to alter your natural skin type with the wrong products and you may be spending good money and wasting time trying to solve a skin concern that your current skin care products are actually causing !

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