NASCENT Skin and Beauty Clinic Pigmentation

Considered even more ageing than wrinkles & lines

Meet your new Number 1 skin enemy

Pigmentation

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Pigmentation

Excessive Unwanted Skin Discolouration
Brown Patches – Age Spots

Pigmentation and Hyperpigmentation are the same condition. Both terms relate to skin colouring. For the sake of reducing any confusion, from here on we will use only the term, “Pigmentation” where possible on this web page.

What is Pigmentation?

Pigmentation-HyperpigmentationPigmentation – brown patches, age spots, marks, splotches – all can be caused by excessive sun exposure, hormone imbalances, inflammation and injury to the skin. It most commonly appears on the face, neck and décolletage. It’s also notoriously difficult to treat.

Before you can treat your pigmentation, you need to know what type you have. Those with fair skin are more prone to sun-induced pigment and people with olive complexions can be more susceptible to post-inflammatory pigment. Women who are pregnant, who take the oral contraceptive pill, or who are on hormone replacement therapy or IVF are more likely to suffer from hormone induced pigmentation, aka melasma or chloasma.

Pigmentation will often appear as we become older as our melanocytes (the cells that produce pigment) increase in size as we age. Younger skin can be at risk of pigment from sun damage – that cute spray of freckles across the nose and cheeks can become more dense, causing uneven tone and darkness to the face, and melasma caused by the pill is very common in younger women.

If your body makes too much melanin, your skin gets darker. The darker spots or patches are known as PIGMENTATION.

Pigmentation is a condition where patches of skin become darker in colour than normal, healthy skin.

  • Special cells in the skin called “melanocytes” produce melanin.
  • Skin colour comes from melanin and this colouring is referred to as Pigment.
  • When melanocyte cells become damaged or unhealthy, it affects melanin production.
  • Melanin disorders result in the formation of excessive, unwanted skin discolouration, which affect the colour of your skin and we refer to this as Pigmentation.
  • Some pigmentation disorders affect just patches of skin, others affect your entire body.
  • Pigmentation is a condition that affects all skin colours and both sexes.
  • Pigmentation can be the result of melanocyte damage (over production of melanin) caused by UV exposure (sun damage – tanning), hormones, heat, trauma (injury) or medication.
  • UV exposure (sun damage) is the most common cause of Pigmentation.
  • Most pigmentation can be eliminated to provide unblemished skin.

Types of Pigmentation

Pigmentation disorders are among the most common complaints of clients seeking skin care. Pigmentation is a condition that requires the expertise and understanding of an aesthetician (skin specialist). It affects many Caucasians, African-Americans, Indigenous, Hispanics and Asians.

Common forms or terms used to refer to pigmentation include;-

  • Solar Lentigines | Age Spots | Liver Spots
  • Melasma | Chloasma | Mask of Pregnancy
  • Freckles | Ephelides
  • Passive Pigmentation
  • Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

Solar Lentigines | Age Spots | Liver Spots

Solar Lentigines, sometimes called age spots or liver spots, are a form of pigmentation. They usually occur as a result of damage to the skin from the sun’s rays. The small, dark spots are generally found on the hands and face, but any area exposed to the sun can be affected.

Exposure to the sun’s rays and a daily onslaught of environmental elements, such as air pollution and the toxins in our food, all wreak havoc on our skin. These aggressors damage cell walls and connective tissues, resulting in the visible signs of ageing we all see in our skin. Skin can look dull and lack lustre, pigmentation and age spots start to appear and wrinkles become more prevalent.

The way our skin responds to UVA and UVB damage is partly due to our genetic make up but is also greatly influenced by the way we have treated our skin over the years. Excessive sunbathing or sunbed use can have a dramatic effect on the way we age. Luckily, with the recent advances in aesthetic medicine, most types of sun damage are treatable, helping to greatly improve the visible signs of ageing.

We have a number of different treatments for sun-damaged skin. Each case of pigmentation is treated individually, so your different treatment options would be discussed during your consultation to ensure you get the best results.

solar-lentigines
Solar Lentigines
liver spots decolletage
Liver Spots
age-spots
Age or Sun Spots

Melasma | Chloasma | Mask of Pregnancy

Melasma and Chloasma are common forms of pigmentation that can be caused by either sun damage or hormonal changes.

These conditions can be recognised as large, brown patches, most commonly on the cheeks, upper lip, the bridge of the nose and the forehead. The patches tend to darken over the summer months or during periods of high sun exposure.

Melasma can be triggered by higher levels of Oestrogen at certain times during the menstrual cycle, or as a result of sun exposure. It can also be associated with a change in contraceptive pill, IUD or hormone patch. Melasma most commonly affects women, with only 10% of cases being male.

Chloasma, often referred to as the ‘mask of pregnancy’ is usually related to hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and can develop on the face and other areas of the body.

chloasma
Chloasma
melasma
Melasma

Freckles | Ephelides

Freckles are very common and are usually a hereditary skin blemish. Though freckles are often thought of as attractive, some people do seek out treatment to reduce their appearance.

Ephelides (Freckles) are tanned macules found on the skin that can be classed as a form of hyperpigmentation. They are usually found in multiple numbers rather than stand alone blemishes. They often become more apparent in the summer months and are less noticeable throughout winter. Although freckles are predominantly benign, they may be seen in association with systemic disease.

Ephelides are more commonly found in fair-skinned races with red or blonde hair and less commonly in individuals of other races.

Freckles
Freckles
Ephelides
Ephelides

Passive Pigmentation

Despite caring for your skin and being diligent with your daily application of sunscreen, pigmentation still appears.

Passive pigmentation occurs when an internal imbalance encourages the melanin-stimulating hormone. These imbalances can be caused by a number of things, but generally only occur in women. It tends to happen when women go through hormonal changes in their life such as puberty, pregnancy, taking the contraceptive pill, and menopause.

It is not unusual for this type of pigmentation to disappear on its own once pregnancy is over or you stop taking the contraceptive pill.

Passive Pigmentation - tone and texture
Passive Pigmentation - tone and texture

Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

PIH is usually a result of the skin going through some type of trauma. When our skin feels under attack, our melanocyte cell sends melanin to the skin’s surface to protect itself.

PIH can be caused by:

* Misuse of skincare

* Burns, cuts or grazes

* Clinical treatments such as laser or IPL

All skin types can suffer from post inflammatory pigmentation but darker skin tones are more prone to this condition.

Post-Inflammatory-Hyperpigmentation
Post-Inflammatory-Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

HYPOPIGMENTATION

If your body makes too little melanin, your skin gets lighter (referred to as HYPOPIGMENTATION – not to be confused with the term Hyperpigmentation).

Three (3) common types of HYPOPIGMENTATION and pigment loss are trauma, vitiligo and albinism.

1. Trauma – If you’ve had a skin infection, blister, burn, or other trauma to your skin, you might have a loss of pigmentation in the affected area. The good news with this type of pigment loss is that it’s frequently of a temporary nature, but it may take some time to re-pigment. This type of hypopigmentation is suited to IPL treatment.

2. Vitiligo causes smooth, white patches on the skin. In some people, these patches can appear all over the body. It is an auto immune disorder in which the pigment-producing cells are damaged. There is no cure for vitiligo, and IPL and laser treatments cannot assist – no matter what anybody else might tell you.

3. Albinism is an inherited disorder caused by the absence of melanin. This results in a complete lack of pigmentation in skin, hair or eyes. People with albinism have an abnormal gene that restricts the body from producing melanin. There is no cure for albinism. People with albinism should use a sunscreen at all times because they are much susceptible to sun damage and skin cancer. Albinism can occur in any race but is most common among Caucasians. IPL and laser cannot treat Albinism.

How do I know if I have Pigmentation?

If you have any areas on your skin that are darker in colour than the rest of your body then it’s likely that you have pigmentation. These areas can range from the very small to the very large, so everything from freckles to sun spots is classed as pigmentation.

As stated previously on this web page, pigmentation is caused by an over production of melanin – the pigment that gives our skin, hair and eyes its natural colour – in patches of the skin. This over production is triggered by a variety of factors, but the main ones can be linked back to sun exposure, genetic factors, age, hormonal influences, and skin injuries or inflammation.

Pigmentation is a common skin ailment, where some areas or patches of skin turn darker in colour. Almost everyone has a few brown pigment spots on their face from sun exposure (particularly here in Australia with our harsh sun and high UV) and whilst brown pigment spots are not usually harmful to the skin’s health, they detract from an even, luminous complexion and can be cosmetically displeasing. It is a condition that affects all skin colours and both sexes.

Pigmentation can sit unseen below the epidermis (top layer of the skin) but becomes visible when there is too much of the pigment (melanin) near and on the surface of the skin. It displays itself in different forms such as brown discoloured patches of skin, freckles, sun spots, liver spots, age spots, post inflammatory hyperpigmentation or even melasma

Skin Analysis & Consultation



Still not sure if you have Pigmentation or if it can be treated?

Book a complimentary no obligation consultation with our Skin Specialist to discuss.
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Pigmentation Treatments at Nascent

Pigmentation treatments are available at Nascent Skin and Beauty Clinic. These treatments are non invasive and are performed by our Skin Specialist using;-

We can also offer you the very best advanced cosmetic products to manage your daily skin self care routine from our Clinic or delivered direct to your door from our Online Shop.

Pigment Punch Facial

Lighten & Brighten Skin

A customised mask of Aspect Pigment Punch deals with pigmentation, skin discolouration & those unsightly age spots.

♦  $110  |  60 mins

IPL Photorejuvenation

Visibly Reduce Pigment

The latest in skin care. Say goodbye to the effects of pigmentation, hyperpigmentation, sun damage, rosacea & more.

♦     from $100

LED Light Therapy

Radiant Healthy Glow

Promotes skin rejuvenation at a cellular level and harnesses the healing power of LED light for a total skin solution and rejuvenation.

♦   $95  |  15 – 30 mins

Chemical Skin Peel

Clear & Restore

Rapidly clear away the appearance of those unsightly pigmentation marks & visibly restore clarity to your complexion.

♦  $120  |  30 min

DermaFrac

Kojic Acid Serum + LED

More effective than laser or peels, DermaFrac offers simultaneous infusion of serums in a pain-free, no down time treatment.

♦    $250  |  60 mins

Skincare

For Sun Damaged Skins

We stock a range of preventative ageing skincare cosmeceuticals for purchase in-clinic or from our Online Skin Care Shop.

♦  Certified Practitioner

Many skin changes are harmless. Some causes for discoloured skin patches are fairly minor conditions that need only simple treatment. Other causes may be more severe and require ongoing treatment

 

Care must be taken not to confuse pigmentation skin spots with those that are actually skin cancers. Skin cancer is very serious, but it can be treated successfully when it is detected early. It is important to speak with your doctor if you notice rapid or bothersome changes in your skin.

If you’re serious about clearing up your pigmentation, I recommend the following;-

 

However

Unless you want to end up right back where you started…
…treatments are wasted if you continue to SKIP the SPF sunscreen
Diligent sun protection is vital in managing all types of pigmentation,
 as sun damage is where it inevitably starts!
* Regular application of cosmetic lighteners and sometimes even moderate lifestyle changes will also assist 

Pigmentation investigation can baffle even the most experienced clinical aesthetician. Despite performing a thorough analysis, sometimes the most seemingly innocent factor can be responsible for pigmentation. For example, scented body lotions or fragrances sprayed on or applied in areas that come in contact with ultraviolet light may penetrate stubborn or suspicious pigmentary discolourations to the jaw, neck, décolleté, arm or leg.

I can’t begin to count the number of times a client exhibiting pigmentation morbidity had the mis-impression that you can magically make it disappear with a treatment or two, or one product?

Whilst today’s IPL Phototherapy and LED Phototherapy treatments are extremely effective at treating pigmentation, we have to always remember pigmentation is an injury of the skin and requires the ongoing due diligence and continued compliance of both the aesthetician and client for the rest of their lives.

These disorders do not fade or go away over night and must be managed daily. Clinical treatments, continuance of skin lighteners and daily protection of SPF must become a lifestyle routine to manage these challenging pigmentation conditions.

A few of our favourite Pigment Fighting cosmeceutical skincare products

Vitamin C is one of the most effective ingredients for treating pigmentation, along with other signs of ageing. Vitamin C brightens the skin and is good for exfoliation. Look for brightening serums that feature ingredients such as Vitamin C, Niacinamide (Vitamin B3), bearberry or liquorice extracts, and azelaic acid.