Dry skin is a skin type, but dehydrated skin is a skin condition or disorder anyone can experience. Dry skin has a lack of oil, or lipids. With dehydrated skin, there’s a lack of water in the stratum corneum, which is the top layer of the skin.
It can be tough to tell the difference between dry and dehydrated skin. If your skin is dry year round and never really oily, you likely have a dry skin type. When it’s dehydrated, your skin might feel tight, have flaky patches or show fine lines while still feeling greasy or oily.
You don’t need to have dry skin to have dehydrated skin. Oily and combination skin can be dehydrated as well.
DRY SKIN CHARACTERISTICS
Can be flaky
DEHYDRATED SKIN CHARACTERISTICS
Can feel oily
Shows fine lines
Shows accelerated signs of ageing, like sagging skin and deep wrinkles
Although dehydrated skin can be caused by different factors, more often than not it’s the result of using skin care products that contain harsh or skin-sensitising ingredients. It can also develop from using the wrong products for your skin, which leads to an imbalance. In essence, dehydration can be viewed as your skin complaining that it doesn’t like something you’re doing to it.
In a nutshell, to treat Dry Skin
Mild Cleansers – select cleansers with gentle surfactants. Daily cleansing, especially if performed using harsh products, will depleat skin further and lower skin lipids too much.
Moisturisers – select moisturisers containing amino acids, lactates and hyaluronic acid. Oil based moisturisers are best for dry skins. Moisturisers are designed to both rapidly restore optimal water content in the epidermis and to replenish and strengthen skin’s barrier function
In a nutshell, to treat Dehydrated Skin
Mild Cleansers – choose gentle, yet effective, cleansers that don’t leave skin feeling tight, dry, or greasy – Never use harsh scrubs and/or rough cleansing brushes
Toners – use replenishing toners instead of skin-stripping, alcohol- or witch hazel-based versions – avoid fragrances in any skin care products
Serums – add a serum that contains antioxidants and skin replenishing ingredients
Moisturisers – a moisturiser containing Hyaluronic Acid will work best as it moisturisers without adding oils