Peptides for Skin Care have long been buzzed about in the world of anti-ageing for their reparative and healing properties. Although they’re ubiquitous in skin care, most people don’t know what they are or how they work to benefit the skin. Peptides live up to their name by helping to add pep to skin that’s lost its elasticity over the years.
What Are Peptides?
Peptide is the generic name for a short string of amino acids, which are the building blocks of collagen in the skin. Whether naturally occurring or synthetically made, amino acids help protect against sun damage, rejuvenate skin’s signs of ageing, reduce hyperpigmentation and aidthe healing of skin damaged by injury or skin disorders.
How They Work
As skin ages, it starts to lose collagen, which is responsible for its elasticity and firmness. The introduction of cell-communicator peptides act as a signal, telling your skin it was damaged and tricking it into producing new collagen. Cell-communicating ingredients, like peptides, tell skin cells how to look and act. So, if a skin cell needs to be healthier, these cell-communicating ingredients either directly affect the skin cell or help block damage from occurring.
An advantage peptides have over other anti-ageing ingredients is their molecular structure—because peptides are small, they can penetrate the skin’s protective barrier to get to the deeper layers where collagen is produced.
Types of Peptides
Depending on the type of problem they’re meant to tackle, various types of peptides play a role in different skin care products: neurotransmitter-inhibitor peptides, signal peptides, carrier peptides and enzyme-inhibitor peptides. To know which one is right for you, learn how they target different skin issues.
Inhibitor peptides are found in injectables, like Botox, and topical treatments are not cosmeceutical products.
Signal peptides, or palmitoyl pentapeptides, are the most common with regard to skin care. They are known to stimulate the production of collagen, elastin and other structure proteins that make the skin appear firmer and fuller.
Carrier Peptides Carrier peptides get their name from their role in delivering trace elements like copper and magnesium to the skin. Copper has been an especially popular ingredient in recent years for its ability to improve collagen production, thereby firming up the skin and enhancing elasticity. Copper complexes have also been proven to combat the appearance of photo-ageing skin by brightening age spots.
As their name suggests, enzyme-inhibitor peptides work by putting the brakes on the body’s natural process of losing collagen. Peptides derived from rice proteins work to retain more collagen, while certain soy-derived peptides can help prevent pigmentation.