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Pigmentation Treatments and Skin Care

Pigmentation Skin Care

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You may not have deep frown lines or crow’s feet, but if you feel like you’re aging, chances are it’s thanks to uneven skin tone and it’s pigmentation skin care time. Now, we’re not talking a sweet smattering of freckles, but bigger, uneven brown patches on not only the face but hands, décolletage and shoulder areas. It’s these aging dark spots of bother that is known as pigmentation, caused by sun exposure and specifically the UVA rays which penetrate deep into your skin and cause aging.

Pigmentation is actually the natural colour of your skin. The outer most layer of your skin gets its natural colour from pigments called melanin which are produced by special cells called melanocytes in the basal (deepest) layer of the skin.

What causes Pigmentation?

pigmentation-skin-careIn some people, an over stimulation of melanin in the skin can lead to hyper-pigmentation. Hyper-pigmentation will usually appear on the face in the form of brown patches, brown spots, sun spots, uneven skin tone or pregnancy mask.

Hyper-pigmentation, generally referred to as pigmentation is a skin condition referring to darker spots or markings on the face and body. Pigmentation is a common problem experienced by both men and women of varying ages. Common types of pigmentation are;-

  • Freckles (ephelides)
  • Sun damage (solar lentigos/sun spots)
  • Melasma
  • Post-inflammatory pigmentation

The origin of skin pigmentation is a reaction to the skin protecting itself against the action of the sun, but your skin does not need to be burnt to develop pigmentation. While genetic, environmental and other factors can vary most pigmentation is caused by sun exposure so most Australians are likely to experience pigmentation.

UVA stimulates your pigment cells called Melanocytes to manufacture the pigment called Melanin. This is responsible for your tan and also your unwanted dark patches”. These sun spots may take up to 10-20 years to develop, so if you notice some showing now it could have been caused when you were a child.

Can Pigmentation be removed or reduced?

Luckily, most types of pigmentation can be treated. IPL and laser treatments can be effective in reversing the effects of sun returning youthful clear skin. Treatments combined with clinically tested active skin care products combined with good sunscreens and sun sense will greatly improve the appearance of pigment.

Limiting your skin’s exposure to the sun will help to reduce instances of pigmentation. Try to keep out of the sun during its most intense hours and wear protective clothing including sunhats and glasses whenever possible. When skin is exposed to the sun, apply and regularly reapply a sun protection product:

  • with a suitable 30+ SPF level
  • which has been specially formulated for your skin type and condition

The importance of cosmeceutical skin care is pivotal in reducing pigmentation discolouration once the damage has been done. There is a wide range of active ingredients in topical skin agents, beneficial when melanin production must be regulated. Vitamins A (retinols), B and C are hero ingredients that help address uneven skin tone and pigmentation at different levels.

Quality active skin care goes hand in hand with an in-clinic treatment plan and, of course, an SPF 30-50 sunscreen that is suitable to use on the face, neck, hands and décolletage is a must!

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